Turtles belong to a category of amphibians that are capable of living in water as well as on land. This unique adaption of turtles makes people curious about their migratory behavior during the winter season. Let’s figure out where turtles spend their winter – either on land or underwater.
Where Do Turtles Go In The Winter?
During the winter season, the turtles spend most of their time under the water. They are even capable of spending more than 100 days under the water. This is because these species prefer warm water temperatures to live and under the water, the temperature is more stable as compared to the temperature of the surrounding air.
Under The Water, How Do Turtles Breathe?
Well, for breathing, the turtles adopt various processes to breathe under the water. During the winter season, the turtles adopt a mechanism of brumation that will allow them to extract oxygen from the water via blood vessels. Further, they also adapt a unique mechanism of cloacal respiration which means that they will breathe through their butt. They collect a significant amount of oxygen which helps them survive under the water even for a month.
From The Air, How Do Turtles Extract Oxygen?
While visiting the water’s surface, the turtles extract oxygen and breathe by using their lungs. They also make use of lactic acid and neutralize it with carbonates and calcium present in their shell. Further, when they visit the surface, they expose their shell to UV radiation to keep their body warm.
On Land, Do Turtles Able To Hibernate?
Technically speaking, turtles do not follow the process of hibernation instead they prefer the brumation mechanism. Hibernation is a process that is adopted by warm-blooded animals whereas turtles are cold-blooded animals that have low metabolism as well as heart rate.
Why Can’t Turtles Survive The Cold?
Turtles may tolerate temperatures above freezing, however, when they are exposed to extremely low temperatures, their bodies often lose a significant amount of their motion. This will make turtles unable to obtain food or complete essential tasks. As a result, turtles cannot withstand freezing weather for prolonged periods.
Turtles belong to a category of amphibians that are capable of living in water as well as on land. However, during the winter season, instead of living on land, they will prefer to live underwater because they have low metabolic rates and heart rates. In the summertime, the turtles extract oxygen from the water or the air and store it to be used in the winter season. The ability of turtles to thrive under the water in the breeding season is a significant reason to live for a longer period.