Sharks do have tongues, called basihyal. It is a small, thick piece of cartilage located at the bottom of the mouth of a shark or other fish. It seems to be useless for most sharks, except for the cookie-cutter shark. This shark uses the basihyal to snatch pieces of meat from its prey.
Why Do Sharks Have Tongues?
There is not much use for why sharks have tongues. The taste buds are located on the papillae that line the mouth and throat of the shark. The taste buds help the shark decide whether a prey animal is suitable or not to swallow it.
As already mentioned, the tongue is called the Basihyal and it is not a muscle and does not move. It is designed to protect the ventral aorta, which is located in the mouth, from the effects of large amounts of fidgety food.
The cookie cutter shark uses his tongue. With it, it rips out large chunks of meat from its prey. The tongue of the cookie cutter shark has no taste buds, but sharks can perceive taste through the papillae located between the mouth and throat.
Functions Of A Shark Tongue
The primary function of the tongue is to recognize taste. The taste buds help them decide whether the prey is suitable for eating and whether or not to swallow it. This promotes digestion by knowing what is good to eat and what is not.
Unlike vertebrates, which are not mammals, their jaws are protected by teeth and they have taste buds. Man’s taste buds rest on his tongue, but it’s different with sharks. Sharks don’t have tongues, but their taste buds do. These taste buds are located in the mouth and throat.
This is a shark with several rows of regenerating teeth. Its taste buds are concentrated in the rows of teeth, indicating an important association with bite taste. The region with the highest concentration of taste in sharks is located in the last row of teeth in the lower and upper jaw.
Studies have shown that taste buds are crucial for the evolution of teeth. In studies of shark teeth development, by tracking stem cells in the mouth, tooth buds develop from cells that seem to migrate and contribute to the buds. The development of the taste buds of the teeth is linked to the cells that migrate to the tooth-forming regions of the jaw.
A large part of a shark’s stem cells are absolutely involved in the regeneration of its teeth throughout its life. His taste buds are involved in this process. This proves that his tongue is not just a taste bud of sharks. It also shows that taste buds and teeth have an evolutionary connection in their function.
For most sharks, the basihyals are small and immobile. With other types, its basic-hysals are bigger, flatter and more mobile. They use them to suck prey.
It has been claimed that basihyalis in no way have a tongue. This underlines that they are useless because there is no point in moving your mouth. They don’t get much work. They are small and do not serve as taste receptors.
Why Do Sharks Have Tongues If They Are Unnecessary?
Most sharks’ tongues are immobile and unnecessary. The smallness of the tongue makes it negative that there are no sharks sticking out their tongue. There are some shark species that have tongues that have no reason whatsoever. Some shark species have no tongues at all, some species have them, and some have them.
Carpet sharks (orectoloboids) and bullhead sharks (heterodontoids) have a tongue that is large, flatter, flexible and flexible. They have different types of tongues, like most other sharks. This means that they use the tongue to suck prey in conjunction with the use of their strong throat muscles.
When they eat their prey, they swallow the prey and can tell from the taste buds in their mouths whether the prey is edible or not. The taste buds sense that something is familiar and edible, and this means that the prey can be eaten well, even if it has to be moved into the stomach for consumption.
Structure Of Shark Tongues
The structure of the tongue means that it is connected to the strong rectum, cervix and throat muscles through the floor of the mouth. Each type of shark has a different type of tongue, with the exception of the cookie cutter shark. In this species, the tongue (basihyal) is larger than that of a shark and is strengthened and strengthened by the rectum and throat muscles.
This makes it convenient for cookie cutters to suck biscuit-shaped meat bites from their prey, whales and pelagic fish. They tear open their prey with their teeth to open it, and use their basihyls to extract and suck out the flesh. The tongues of these sharks also help with oral vacuum feeding, a strategy to suck the flesh out of the prey.
With sharp stinging teeth, it is common to believe that sharks bite with their tongues. But when it comes to sharks, the shark tongue does a man’s job. It is flat and immovable and flexibly attached to the bottom of the mouth.
Muscles are stretched and contain nerve endings called proprioceptors. Proprioceptors monitor and regulate muscle tension and position by sending constant, necessary signals to the brain stem. The brainstem then indicates the position of the tongue.
This allows the brainstem to coordinate what the tongue does, whether it bites or chews something the size of a food particle. Without proper coordination, a bite of the tongue can easily be avoided. Sharks do not have a membrane tongue like humans, which allows us to move in the tongue. In sharks, the tongue adheres to the floor of the mouth and consists of cartilage that moves very little and has only limited functions. Sharks don’t stick their tongue out very much either.